You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.
This repo is archived. You can view files and clone it, but cannot push or open issues/pull-requests.
 
 
 

16 KiB

Introduction and Definitions

This protocol is used by two or more devices forming a mesh net.

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.

A node is a single device implementing this protocol. Each node has a 4096 bit RSA key pair. This key pair is used for message signing and encryption. Every node has exactly one node address.

A node address consists of 32 bytes and is the SHA-256 hash of the node's public key.

The broadcast address is 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF (i.e. all bits set).

The null address is 0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 (i.e. no bits set).

Nodes MUST NOT have a public key with the broadcast address or null address as hash. Additionally, nodes MUST NOT connect to a node with either address.

All integer fields are in network byte order, and unsigned (unless specified otherwise).

Crypto

The message body is always are signed with 'SHA256withRSA'. The signature is written to the 'Encryption Data' part.

The body of content messages is encrypted using a random 256 bit AES key. The key is then wrapped using RSA with the sender's private key, and the result written to the 'Encryption Data' part.

Routing

The routing protocol is based on AODVv2, with various features left out.

TODO: Add Documentation for routing protocol.

There is currently no support for offline messages. If sender and receiver are not in the same mesh, the message will not arrive.

Messages

All messages are signed using RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5. All Content Messages except are encrypted using AES/CBC/PKCS5Padding, after which the AES key is wrapped with the recipient's public RSA key.

 0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
/                                                               /
\                   Header (74 or 84 bytes)                     \
/                                                               /
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
/                                                               /
\               Encryption Data (variable length)               \
/                                                               /
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
/                                                               /
\                    Body (variable length)                     \
/                                                               /
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Header

Every message starts with one 74 byte header indicating the message version, type and ID, followed by the length of the message.

 0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|    Version    | Protocol-Type |    Tokens     |   Hop Count   |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                            Length                             |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                                                               |
|                   Origin Address (32 bytes)                   |
|                                                               |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                                                               |
|                   Target Address (32 bytes)                   |
|                                                               |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|         Sequence Number       |         Content-Type          |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                           Message ID                          |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                             Time                              |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Version specifies the protocol version number. This is currently 0. A message with unknown version number MUST be ignored. The connection where such a packet came from MAY be closed.

Protocol-Type is one of those specified in section Protocol Messages, or 255 for Content Messages.

Tokens is the number of times this message should be copied to different relays.

Hop Count specifies the number of nodes a message may pass. When creating a package, it is initialized to 0. Whenever a node forwards a package, it MUST increment the hop limit by one. If the hop count after incrementing equals or is greater than Hop Limit, the package MUST NOT be forwarded.

Length is the message size in bytes, including the header.

Time is the unix timestamp of message creation, in seconds, as a signed integer.

Origin Address is the address of the node that initially created the message.

Target Address is the address of the node that should receive the message.

Sequence number is set by the sender, and MUST increment by 1 for each new message sent (after 2^16-1 comes 0 again). It SHOULD be persistent during restarts. It is used by intermediate nodes to avoid forwarding the same message multiple times.

Content-Type is one of those in section Content-Messages.

Message ID is unique for each message by the same sender. A device MUST NOT ever send two messages with the same Message ID.

Time is the unix timestamp of message sending.

Only Content Messages have the Message ID and Time fields.

Encryption Data

 0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|        Signature Length       |          Key Length           |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
/                                                               /
\                   Signature (variable length)                 \
/                                                               /
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
/                                                               /
\                      Key (variable length)                    \
/                                                               /
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Encryption key is the symmetric key that was used to encrypt the message body.

Signature is the cryptographic signature over the (unencrypted) message header and message body.

Protocol Messages

These messages are sent by the protocol, without any user interaction. They are not encrypted, and do not contain the Content-Type and Message ID fields.

ConnectionInfo (Protocol-Type = 1)

After successfully connecting to a node via Bluetooth, public keys are exchanged. Each node MUST send this as the first message over the connection. Hop Limit MUST be 1 for this message type (i.e. it must never be forwarded). Origin Address, Target Address and Sequence Number MUST be set to all zeros, and MUST be ignored by the receiving node.

A receiving node SHOULD store the key in permanent storage if it hasn't already stored it earlier. However, a node MAY decide to delete these stored keys in a least-recently-used order to adhere to storage limitations. If a key has been deleted, messages to that node can only be sent once a new ConnectionInfo message for it has been received.

This key is to be used for message encryption when communicating with the sending node.

 0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                          Key Length                           |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
/                                                               /
\                   Key (variable length)                       \
/                                                               /
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Key length is the size of the key in bytes.

Key is the public key of the sending node.

After this message has been received, communication with normal messages may start.

Route Request (Protocol-Type = 2)

Sent to request a route to a specific Target Address.

 0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                                                               |
|                      Address (32 bytes)                       |
|                                                               |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|           OrigSeqNum          |         OriginMetric          |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                          TargMetric                           |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Equivalent to the Sequence Number in the message header.

Set OrigMetric = RouterClient.Cost for the Router Client entry which includes OrigAddr.

If an Invalid route exists in the Local Route Set matching TargAddr using longest prefix matching and has a valid sequence number, set TargSeqNum = LocalRoute.SeqNum. Otherwise, set TargSeqNum = -1. This field is signed.

Route Reply (Protocol-Type = 3)

Sent as a reply when a Route Request arrives, to inform other nodes about a route.

 0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|           TargSeqNum          |          TargMetric           |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Set TargMetric = RouterClient.Cost for the Router Client entry which includes TargAddr.

Route Error (Protocol-Type = 4)

Notifies other nodes of routes that are no longer available. The target address MUST be set to the broadcast address.

 0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                                                               |
|                   Packet Source (32 bytes)                    |
|                                                               |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                                                               |
|                      Address (32 bytes)                       |
|                                                               |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                           SeqNum                              |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Packet Source is the source address of the message triggering this Route Error. If the route error is not triggered by a message, this MUST be set to the null address.

Address is the address that is no longer reachable.

SeqNum is the sequence number of the route that is no longer available (if known). Otherwise, set TargSeqNum = -1. This field is signed.

PublicKeyRequest (Protocol-Type = 5)

 0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                            Address                            |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Contains an address for which the sender wants the corresponding public key.

PublicKeyReply (Protocol-Type = 6)

 0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                          Key Length                           |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
/                                                               /
\                   Key (variable length)                       \
/                                                               /
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Contains a node's public key in binary form. Sent in reply to a PublicKeyRequest.

Content Messages

These messages are initiated by user action. They are encrypted, and contain the Content-Type and Message ID fields.

These messages always have a Protocol-Type of 255.

Text (Content-Type = 6)

A simple chat message.

 0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                          Text Length                          |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
/                                                               /
\                   Text (variable length)                      \
/                                                               /
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Text the string to be transferred, encoded as UTF-8.

UserInfo (Content-Type = 7)

 0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                          Name Length                          |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
/                                                               /
\                   Name (variable length)                      \
/                                                               /
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                         Status Length                         |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
/                                                               /
\                  Status (variable length)                     \
/                                                               /
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Contains the sender's name and status, which should be used for display to users.

MessageReceived (Content-Type = 8)

 0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                           Message ID                          |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Confirms that a previous content message has been received by the target node. Message ID is the ID of that message.